Bone health Screening is done to check the strength of the bones with the help of an X-ray scanning called the DEXA scan to analyze the bone mineral density loss. The bone mineral density test is done by passing a large scanning arm over the body in the centre of the skeleton. The bone mineral density test is where the narrow beam of the low dose of X-rays will be passed on the area of examination where it has to be measured. It will measure the grams of calcium and bone minerals in the body. This full-body scan is responsible for the bone density test cost to be high. The bone health test will help in preventing fractures and other disabilities and determining whether osteoporosis has set in already. The areas of testing are usually the spine, hip, and forearm. Women are the main target for this test, as they are the ones who are very frequently and quickly affected by bone problems. Therefore the bone density test has to be undergone by them at regular intervals after a particular age. The bone density test cost is usually higher with the central DEXA scan than the peripheral DEXA scan, which a portable machine does.
The types of bone density test included in a Bone Health Screening are: Calcium: The bone strength test helps to identify the conditions that are related to bones, heart, kidneys, nerves, and teeth. Hypercalcemia is a condition where there is more calcium in the blood than the normal levels, and it will weaken the bones. This test will be the preliminary first test taken to analyze and go ahead with the other following tests mentioned below. Phosphorus, Serum: The levels of the phosphorus in the blood are examined with the help of this test for any abnormally high or low amounts of it. Hyperphosphatemia is when there is too much phosphorus in the blood, and excess phosphorus leads to osteoporosis. Hypophosphatemia is when there is too little phosphorus in the blood. Usually, only this test is not sufficient to determine the core problem, and there are many reasons that might trigger the phosphorus level changes. Therefore, different levels of this bone density test must be undergone to analyze the underlying issue. Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP): This is a test where the levels of this enzyme are checked in the blood to indicate the damage of the liver, bone disease, or blockage of bile ducts. These enzymes are found in several tissues of the body, and higher levels of these pinpoint the problem. It is another most crucial test to understand the issues clearly. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone: This test diagnoses all types of thyroid disorders by monitoring the amounts of this hormone to determine how well the thyroid is functioning in the body. This will help in resolving problems like hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Uric Acid: This uric acid test is undertaken to determine the levels of uric acid in the blood. It is usually done when a patient complains of pain in his joints or exhibits any other symptoms similar to that of gout. Vitamin D: Vitamin D is essential to help the system absorb calcium. Any deficiency of this will result in bone or muscle pain, fatigue and fall ill frequently. Along with the above six tests, which are significant, specific other related bone density test is also prescribed and done for the patients to ensure that everything is under control. They are: T3, T4: Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4) are tested to determine the effectiveness of the thyroid treatment if the person is already treated or to resolve any thyroid disorders like hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Complete Haemogram: This is an overall health check where the body is diagnosed for any potential infections and also calculates the amounts of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in the blood. It is at times used to find out blood cancers in suspects. Electrolyte Profile: The Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride in the blood are evaluated as they are the ones to maintain water balance and pH level in the body. Vitamin B12: Vitamin B12, usually along with Vitamin B9, will help the body to improve its nerves with the help of red blood cells and iron absorption better. Iron Screening: The amounts of haemoglobin in the blood is calculated through this to rule out anaemia. This test is vital as haemoglobin carries oxygen throughout the body, and any low levels of it will cause headaches, fatigue, and breathlessness.
Bone Health Screening is done to: Determine the density through bone mineral density test. The bone test helps to calculate the risk of fracture with the bone's present condition. The bone test helps to diagnose osteoporosis, which is a prevalent problem seen mostly in women. The bone test helps to monitor how a patient's osteoporosis treatment is in progress.
Check out for a bone density test near me and get the screening done, if: He/She has rheumatoid arthritis. If a person has faced an accident and has had his bones broken very recently. Has a family history of parents who have broken their hip. A patient starts to lose his/her bodyweight all of a sudden without any reason. He/She is complaining of backache. The patient starts to lose height over time. When a person has swelling in joints. Visible deformities take place around the common areas. Grinding or snapping noise in joints. There is a mineral deficiency in patients with recent screening. Patients develop infection causing bone pain. There is a loss of joint function and activity. The person has redness and warmth on the joints.
To get prepared for a bone density test, one should: Remove all the metal zippers, belts, buttons, accessories, and other things in the body which has a metal part before the bone test. This is done during a Central DEXA test, and the bone density test price for this is comparatively high, and hence the patient should be financially ready to take it up. The patient has to stop consuming all the calcium supplements if he/she is taking 24 hours before the examination schedule. The patient has to wait for a week if he/she has been injected with barium or a contrast dye during a CT scan or MRI. This dye will interfere with the bone health screening procedures, and therefore they are advised to postpone it.
Peripheral DEXA: At home, anybody can perform and get the results of the bone health test with the peripheral DEXA, and the bone density test cost is less in this method. This measures the density of the bone on the wrist, finger, or heel. It is a portable machine, and the bone density test price is also lower than the central DEXA. The peripheral DEXA scan machine can be purchased in any health fairs and pharmacies, and hence the bone density test cost works out less as only the initial investment of the device is the only investment here. It is a very convenient procedure that helps a patient save time and energy through the bone density test near me centres. By performing this bone strength test at home, it requires no technical assistants. Moreover, this pandemic with the new standard scenario has bound many people to stay at home so check out the best bone density test near me to get lab tests at home. This bone mineral density test is an easy mechanism to keep monitoring the bone conditions from time to time at one's comfort.
The risk associated with the bone density test screening is the radiation let out from the machine to determine the bone density. It will get accumulated in the body over time and produce harmful effects. It is better to avoid them if the body shows no symptoms of bone problems, and those who are already having bone mineral density problems can reduce the frequency of performing the test.
The bone mineral density test results are usually given as T and Z scores. T score is the patient's bone density correlated with the bone density of an average 30-year-old healthy person, and the Z score is the correlated bone density value of the patient with another healthy person of the same age and sex. Check out for an orthopedist online to know more in detail. NORMAL OSTEOPENIA OSTEOPOROSIS T SCORE -1.0 or above -1.0 to -2.5 -2.5 above Z SCORE -2.0 or above Below -2.0 - The bone mineral density lost can never be regained but can be prevented further from deterioration. Hence, a bone mineral density test is a very significant test to be taken seriously almost by everyone. Research clearly states that everything will fall in place when women maintain the bone mass as early as possible, and take the necessary steps. This will help to have better health in the long run.
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